Global warming is causing a variety of natural and manmade phenomena. The Earth’s average temperature varies over time and has risen by more than one degree Celsius since the industrial revolution. Scientists have found that temperatures have climbed 1.2 degrees Celsius since the beginning of the century, and the number of warm years has more than doubled in the last two decades. As the planet’s average temperature increases, so do the number of extreme weather events. The effects of climate change are far-reaching and are already being felt today.
Carbon dioxide levels have shot up rapidly due to the burning of fossil fuels. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, CO2 concentrations have increased from a pre-industrial level of 280 parts per million (ppm) to 379 ppm in 2005. This coincided with an increase in global temperature of 1.33 degrees Celsius, or 0.74 degrees Fahrenheit. By 2013, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reported that CO2 levels had risen to 400 ppm.
These effects are particularly devastating to the human population. But what are the options for those suffering from the effects of climate change? The documentary, “Climate Change: How to Reduce Our Impacts on the Environment,” by Benito Muller, the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, and the National Academy of Sciences, both published in 2008, shows how people can adapt to the impact of this issue. The report also details what we can do to mitigate the impact of climate change.