Climate change refers to changes in average climate over a long period of time. Scientists agree that the Earth has been getting warmer over the past century. The human activities that we engage in such as burning fossil fuels result in the release of carbon dioxide, which traps in the atmosphere and increases the temperature of the planet. A warming climate can have large effects on our environment. In the last century, global temperatures have increased by more than 1 degree Celsius.
This change is a major problem for people and the environment. It is already affecting the poorest countries, as many developing countries already suffer from extreme heat. The oceans are also threatened. The Great Barrier Reef has lost more than half of its coral since 1995, due to climate change. Increasing sea levels and wildfires are also contributing to climate change. The melting ground of Siberia will release greenhouse gases that have been trapped for centuries.
Human activities have increased Earth’s global average temperature by about one degree Celsius since the pre-industrial period. This increase is continuing at a rate of about 0.2 degrees per decade. The atmosphere, oceans, and land are all warming. In short, climate change is the gradual change in the average weather patterns of a region. These changes have a number of consequences. This article will look at some of the most prominent ones. But first, we need to understand what climate change is and how we can cope with it.